Build procedural fluency from conceptual understanding.
Effective teaching of mathematics builds fluency with procedures on a foundation of conceptual understanding so that students, over time, become skillful in using procedures flexibly as they solve contextual and mathematical problems.
Principles to Actions: Ensuring Mathematical Success for All
||Homework discussion, Q&A,
Problem of the Week
||Strategies and Number Strings
||Minilessons for …
Read, select, and design –
anticipate and connect to strategies
- Read and discuss one number string
- Brainstorm important strategies and
- Anticipate how learners will think and
- Solve using Post-it notes
- Connect to essential learnings or skills
||End of session
- Implement Number Strings (high-level demand tasks) to build procedures with connections
- Read:Build procedural fluency from conceptual understanding
- What the Research Says: The Relationship of Understanding and Fluency (pp. 91-92)
- Promoting Equity by Building Procedural Fluency from Conceptual Understanding (pp. 93-95)
Leinwand, Steve. Principles to Actions: Ensuring Mathematical Success for All. Reston, VA.: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 2014. (p. 46) Print.
Gough, Jill, and Jennifer Wilson. “#LL2LU Learning Progressions: SMP.” Experiments in Learning by Doing or Easing the Hurry Syndrome. WordPress, 04 Aug. 2014. Web. 11 Mar. 2017.
Gough, Jill, and Kato Nims. “#LL2LU Learning Progressions.” Experiments in Learning by Doing or Colorful Learning. WordPress, 04 Aug. 2014. Web. 11 Mar. 2017.
Smith, Margaret Schwan., et al. Taking Action: Implementing Effective Mathematics Teaching Practices in Grades K-5. The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 2017.